Children and Teens

The Canadian and American Associations of Orthodontists recommend all children have an orthodontic evaluation by age 7. Treatment is not always required at this time, but there are specific problems that benefit greatly from early treatment. A referral from your dentist is not necessary to schedule an exam, so please contact us if you would like an evaluation for your child.

Comprehensive Orthodontics

When most people think of orthodontics, they think of comprehensive treatment: braces or removable aligners (like Invisalign) moving all of the upper and lower teeth. Comprehensive treatment usually starts between the ages of 11-13, however earlier or later treatment may be suitable in certain circumstances. Dr. Jeannotte will determine when is the best time to treat your particular orthodontic problem.

Early or Interceptive Orthodontics

With early or interceptive orthodontic treatment, the orthodontist is working to simplify later orthodontic treatment. Early orthodontic treatment can:

  • guide the growth of the jaws so that they are compatible in their size and shape
  • regulate the width of the upper and lower dental arches
  • guide permanent teeth as they come into the mouth
  • gain space for permanent teeth, often avoiding the need for permanent tooth extractions
  • reduce the likelihood of impacted permanent teeth
  • correct thumb-sucking
  • help correct speech problems

Your orthodontist can let you know at your initial consultation if you would benefit from early treatment. When comprehensive orthodontics is still needed in the future, the treatment will be easier and faster after this early phase.

Two Phase Treatment

Two phase treatment is orthodontic treatment for growing children that is divided into two distinct stages.

  • Phase 1: appliances are used that modify growth to create upper and lower jaws that are similar in their size, shape and position
  • Phase 2: braces are used to bring the teeth into their ideal position for a proper functioning bite and beautiful smile

QHow long is each phase of treatment?

During your initial consultation, Dr. Jeannotte will advise you if your child can benefit from two-phase treatment.

  • Phase 1: 9 - 15 months
  • Phase 2: 15 - 22 months
QWhen does each phase start?

The timing of each stage depends on the individual child's growth and stage of development, but general guidelines are:

  • Phase 1: when the child is actively growing, but still has some baby teeth - usually between the ages of 8 and 11 years old
  • Phase 2: when all of the permanent/adult teeth have come in - usually between the ages of 11 and 14 years old
QWho benefits from two-phase treatment?

Children who have large differences in the size, shape and position of their upper and lower jaws can benefit from a first phase of growth modification. When completed, phase 1 will result in upper and lower jaws that are compatible with each other. Having well aligned jaws makes it possible to produce a properly functioning bite with a second phase of braces treatment

QWhy do Two-phase treatment?

When treatment is started at the correct time, 2 phase treatment can allow orthodontists to correct large discrepancies between the upper and lower jaws without jaw surgery.

New Patients

Please complete a medical history form and bring it to your first appointment:

For Adults For Children

Burnaby Clinic Hours

  • Mon, Tues & Thurs 8am - 4pm
  • Wednesday 9am - 5pm

Terrace Clinic Hours

  • Monday - Wednesday 7:30am - 5pm
  • Thursday  8am - 4pm
  • Friday  9am - 1pm



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